McGill Biochemistry Research Awareness Day (RAD) 2016

Research Awareness Day (RAD) is an annual event run by the Biochemistry Undergraduate Society (BUGS), which seeks to inform and inspire students about research being done by some of the foremost professors in McGill’s Biochemistry department.

Professors at this event first gave short presentations about the research being conducted in their labs, and then spent lunchtime answering questions from students. Students attending RAD were then given the chance to meet with three different professors in small groups, affording students the opportunity to ask professors more questions about their research and career path. After lunch, Dr. Young gave a presentation detailing ways for students to get involved in research as an undergraduate. The event ended by transitioning into an intimate cocktail hour, during which there were poster presentations by graduate students in these professors’ labs.

Overall, RAD was a well-structured, successful event that gave insight into the groundbreaking research being done by professors in the Biochemistry department. It provided students the opportunity to learn more about a career in research, and how to get involved as an undergraduate.

Listed below are some of the professors at this event, along with a brief overview of the research that they discussed.

 

Professor Albert Berghuis:

With the rapid development of antibiotic resistance, the need for new antibiotics has become increasingly urgent. This is the focus of Dr. Albert Berghuis’ research. The Berghuis lab uses structural biological approaches to examine various biochemical interactions. The goal is to use techniques such as X-ray crystallography, electron microscopy, and NMR spectroscopy to examine the enzymes with which bacteria destroy antibiotic molecules, and use that knowledge to create next generation antibiotics that can bypass the enzymes but remain biologically active. With pharmaceutical companies stopping antibiotic development due to a decreased profitability, it’s up to independent laboratories such as that of Dr. Berghuis to continue the research in this field. His lab also studies the development of anticancer drugs.

Dr. Kalle Gehring:

The prime focus of Dr. Gehring’s lab is to decipher the structure of various proteins, particularly those involved in neurodegenerative diseases and the ubiquitin system, protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum, and bacterial virulence factors. A typical project at the Gehring lab consists of growing bacteria to extract and purify a certain protein, crystallizing the protein, and the analyzing its structure using X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. Recently, the lab is pursuing the study of parkin, a protein involved in a link between mitochondria and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease.

Dr. Sidong Huang:

Dr. Huang’s research is focused on using a functional genomics approach to study cancer-related mechanism, and to create new treatment strategies for cancer using this information. The current approach to cancer treatment primarily involves chemotherapy and drugs that target cancer cell mutations. Current cancer drugs are not very effective as resistant cancer develops in almost all patients. While the main solution to this problem is through the development of new drugs, Dr. Huang uses another approach. Using functional genomic tools such as shRNA, cDNA and CRISPR libraries, Dr. Huang and his students systematically screen each gene and create custom drug combinations that target those that modulate drug resistance. They also hope to uncover genetic dependencies of cancer pathways which then can be exploited therapeutically. This novel approach hopes to overcome drug resistance in cancer patients and to provide a more effective treatment strategy.

Dr. William J. Muller:

The Muller lab creates and uses murine models of human breast cancer to understand the effects of oncogene activation in normal cells, discover the cooperation between oncogenes and tumour suppressors, and eventually develop preclinical models.

Dr. Bhushan Nagar:

The Nagar lab uses structural techniques to analyse macromolecules, with specific focus on determining innate immunity mechanisms and nucleotide-specific interactions in mRNA silencing.

Dr. Nahum Sonenberg (represented by Argel Valles and Nathaniel Robichaud):

The Sonenberg lab conducts diverse research on two major topics: mRNA translation and translational control of cancer. Through researching how different pathways are affected and alter mRNA translation, the Sonenberg lab hopes to better understand Autism spectrum disorders and psychiatric disorders. Research in translational control of cancer aims to understand how non-cancer cells can promote tumour survival, as well as develop methods of tumour selective killing of cancer cells.

Dr. Jose Teodoro:

The Teodoro lab aims to determine the role that transcription factor p53 plays in tumour angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is a natural process in human development and wound healing, but in tumours, angiogenesis allows the cancer cells to have access to nutrients that otherwise would be inaccessible. The Teodoro lab also hopes to use virus target specificity in cancer treatment.

Dr. Ian Watson:

The Watson lab aims to translate the genome of melanoma, the deadliest form skin cancer, in hopes of developing new therapeutic strategies.

Dr. Jason Young:

The Young lab focuses on the function of chaperones in protein folding, with emphasis on the roles of misfolded proteins in neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. The function of the Hsp70 chaperone system and its role in disease states are of particular interest.

McGill’s 2016 Undergraduate Research Conference

The Undergraduate Research Conference that took place during the fall semester of 2016 featured original research projects by students selected across various science majors. The keynote address was given by Dr. Frederic Bertley (B.Sc 1994, Ph.D. 2000; Senior Vice President of Science and Education, The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), entitled “A Note to Our Future Scientists: Pay Attention to the Importance of Science in a Growing Clueless Society”. Some highlights from the many great research projects are given below.

Jason MacKay is a U2 Honours Math and Physics student. He has worked on developing a cost-effective Compton gamma ray imager. This device detects the presence of gamma rays and is currently used around the globe in astrophysics, nuclear medicine, and detection of nuclear threats during security checks. MacKay was able to develop a model that significantly reduces cost, while still maintaining the resolution of current Compton gamma ray imagers by using PMT detectors on either side of a scintillating material.

Michael Chen‘s research centred on organic dust (OD), a pollutant that pig farmers are exposed to. Prolonged exposure to OD can result in inflammation of pulmonary airways. His project focused primarily on examining the role of Nrf2, a protective transcription factor, whose inhibition may be the cause of inflammation caused by exposure to OD.

Carina Fan studied the relationship between memories and decision-making. Memories can be classified into episodic memories, created by personal experiences, and semantic memories, created by the memorization of facts. This research project sought to discover which of the two categories had a greater influence on clinical decision-making. She assessed this through a case study, and concluded that engaging episodic memory processes when learning appears to bias later diagnostic decisions.

Miles Cranmer is a physics student who spent last summer developing “BiFrost.” This software allows one to analyze data much more efficiently in only a line of code. Cranmer’s project has applications in analyzing data from interferometers, such as the powerful Event Horizon Telescope, by deleting useless data and keeping the useful ones.

Marilena Anghelopoulou‘s research project explored the impact of the production, use, and disposal of metal halide lamps compared to their more modern counterparts – solid state lighting. The latter emerged victorious as it was determined to be the safest for the environment and human health during its entire life cycle.

Johnson Ying is a neuroscience student who studied the progress of Alzheimer’s disease in model J20 mice and the effect of the disease on special navigation. He tracked the behaviour of grid, head-direction, and border cells in the mice with the help of microdrives that held moveable tetrodes. Ying’s results showed that the cells begin to disrupt as early as two months, thus affecting the special navigation of the mice.

Ariel Geriner‘s project was on the topic of habitat loss. This research project studied how habitat connectivity impacts an ecosystem’s health. It found that the less connected an ecosystem is, the greater the impacts are, and that these impacts can take effect in a much shorter time.

 

 

 

The 2016 Lorne Trottier Public Science Symposium

The 2016 Lorne Trottier Public Science Symposium took place in Montreal on October 17 and 18. This year’s event, entitled Science and the Media: The challenge of reporting science responsibly, offered public lectures from four prominent science journalists. The talks all focused on one main theme: the role of the media in interpreting science and communicating its ideas to the public. Scientific papers often include technical jargon, making them rather inaccessible to the general public. As such, journalists become the interface between the scientific community and the wider population.

DAY 1

The first guest speaker was Julia Belluz, the senior health correspondent for the news website Vox. She brought the issue to light by highlighting the degree to which misinformation permeates the media, and the responsibility that science journalists carry. To report science responsibly, she outlined a five-step plan that she abbreviates as ISCES (not the terrorist group, she assured).

  1. Infiltrate. Ms. Belluz’s first recommendation was to “avoid preaching to the converted,” and to reach out to audiences that normally wouldn’t be reached. She suggested that journalists use YouTube and social media as outlets to reach wider and atypical audiences.
  2. Shame. Her second recommendation was to hold people accountable for poor scientific journalism. In addition to the journalists responsible for misleading articles, the publishers should be penalized for enabling irresponsible reporting.
  3. Contextualize. When reporting on quackery, Ms. Belluz asserted that the context must be taken into account. Pseudoscientific books that aren’t prominent in the public consciousness might not be worth reporting on, when more influential forms of irresponsible science communication can be debunked.
  4. Educate. From a young age, children must be taught critical thinking skills, or, as Ms. Belluz put it, to “detect bullshit when bullshit is presented to them.”
  5. Sympathize. Her final recommendation was to have sympathy when considering peoples’ misinterpretations of science. She discussed the case of an unvaccinated Amish community in Ohio, which was the site of the largest measles outbreak in recent US history. When she contacted them, they explained that it wasn’t vaccine denial or their religion that founded their distrust of vaccination. Instead, it was an alleged instance in which a member of their community had been harmed by a vaccine. This had founded generational fear, which had been difficult to surmount.

The second speaker was Erica Johnson, a Canadian journalist and host of the TV series Marketplace on CBC. Her talk focused on the increasing use of alternative medicine, and the role of the media in scrutinizing claims made about such products. She shared her experience in reporting on homeopathy, a form of medication where substances that normally cause certain symptoms are diluted to minute amounts in order to “treat” illnesses that cause those same symptoms. In her investigations, she found that some of these pills contained only sugar. In some instances, companies that were pressed for the scientific basis of their products presented improperly conducted studies. Ms. Johnson went on to critique Health Canada, which has issued licences for thousands of alternative treatments that have little scientific backing. Such treatments, even if innocuous in themselves, can be highly dangerous due to the false sense of security that they foster. In the belief that an alternative medicine is sufficient treatment, people may neglect proper medical care for life-threatening conditions.

DAY 2

The first speaker on the second day of the conference was Trevor Butterworth, the founding director of the non-profit Sense About Science USA, and the editor of STATS.org. He discussed inadequacies within scientific journalism throughout the 20th century, with poor reporting on prominent scientific advances such as the telegraph, Sputnik, and the atomic bomb. The public was often more interested in the image of the absent-minded professor than in the science itself. A foolish story about Albert Einstein miscounting his change was of more interest to the public than his theories about the universe. Even other types of media propagated this negative view of science, with prominent films such as The Thing and Dr. Frankenstein presenting science as an obsession with knowledge, coupled with amorality. With the popular ideas of the absent-minded professor and the dangers of science, it is unsurprising that in the late 1950s it was thought that only 12% of people understood what science truly entails. Mr. Butterworth then turned towards issues that still permeate modern science today. For example, the use of the term Frankenfoods as a popularized word for genetically modified foods demonstrates that it is still taboo to interfere with nature. On a separate note, Mr. Butterworth also discussed the issue of poorly conducted science. The lack of repeatability in research is an issue, and, as he put it, some researchers are doing “too much trusting and not enough verifying.” To close, Mr. Butterworth showed that the public grasp of science has somewhat improved, with 29% now estimated to understand its conduct. However, he advised both scientists and journalists to carefully frame their facts, lest they become actors in the wrong stories.

The final speaker was Joel Achenback, an author and staff writer for The Washington Post. His talk focused on the role of science in not only debunking quackery, but also in enforcing more rigour within science itself. Citing examples from his career as a journalist, he illustrated that even good scientists can make mistakes, and that peer-review is essential in correcting these mistakes. Mr. Achenback suggested reasons for why the public may sometimes find it challenging to accept scientifically supported ideas. For example, he discussed the way in which our beliefs can often become tied to our identity. When elaborating, he apologetically brought up the 2016 US Election and Donald Trump’s views on science. According to Mr. Achenback, when Trump voices his opinions on climate change, he is not simply making a statement about science, but is identifying as a member of a community of people who don’t believe in climate change. Mr. Achenback argued that people often live within specific spheres of influence, citing his interaction with a Trump supporter at one of Trump’s rallies, in which she claimed to know no supporters of Hillary Clinton. The media we choose to watch and the people we choose to spend time with are usually those that share similar views. This can lead to ideological isolation, which acts as a barrier to the broadening of perspectives and the spread of information. In the final minutes of his talk, Mr. Achenback explained that science does not simply provide a series of absolute truths, but helps us get closer to the truth over time.

MSURJ Volume 11 Launch!

CVE-7574 CVE-7608 CVE-7649 CVE-7668

(Photography credits: Carter van Eitreim)

On March 31, students, authors and guest presenters gathered in the Bellini atrium for the launch of MSURJ Volume 11. Armed with champagne, cheese and freshly printed copies of the journal, guests mingled, discussing the featured research (and drinks). Presentations by four guest speakers followed, covering topics from industrial success in the scientific field to advice for future researchers. With no pedestals or microphones, the presentations had an air of genial informality, as if the speakers were having an intimate conversation with all attending guests.

 

The Speakers

“One of the main thiScreen Shot 2016-04-15 at 8.57.12 pm.pngngs in my mind when I started my undergrad was that I really wanted to do research,” Kevin Chen, the CEO and co-founder of Hyasynth Bio, conveyed to the guests. With an audience composed mostly of undergraduate science students, he was speaking to people who could likely relate to this aspiration. However, after this, Kevin’s pre
sentation took a twist as he narrated his departure from the typical path of academia. Running with a chance, he opted to try research in a different form, and now, at 24 years old, he is the co-founder of Hyasynth Bio, a biotechnology company that engineers microbes to make natural molecules. Specifically, medical cannabis— in an attempt to replace the acres usually required to produce the plant with tanks of yeast. In closing, he reiterated to the students, “Ignore the idea of academia versus industry and science versus applied science. Science is science.” 


Screen Shot 2016-04-15 at 8.58.53 pm.pngThe next speaker, Dr. Shireen Hossein, related the story of her career in academia, from her PhD that focused on the cell biology of myelination and nerve development to her position with Dr. Gerhard Multhaup here at McGill. With Dr. Multhaup, she has been provided with many diverse opportunities, from learning new techniques like protein mass spectrometry, to supervising students, to designing projects for herself. These experiences have allowed her to grow not only as a scientist, but also as a person. To close, she reiterated the importance of “finding an area of research that fuels your passion.” She also highlighted that research areas can be changed throughout a scientific career, and that a chosen research line now will not necessarily be a lifetime contract.

Our third speakCVE-7610er was Dr. Jesper Sjӧstrӧm, a neuroscientist researching the mysteries of synaptic plasticity and the organization of neuronal connections. However,  rather than speaking about his research, he instead provided the audience with a failsafe, three-step “recipe for success”:

  1. Work hard.
  2. Have the flexibility to say “yes”.
  3. Learn one new thing at each stage of your education.

Through stories of his past experiences, he related to the audience the importance of these steps. He spoke of the times he would stay up until 2 or even 3 in the morning working on his projects, stating that these wee hours are the times “you bump into new discoveries”. He advised the audience to always say “yes” to new and cool experiments, not new and cool cities. Lastly, he highlighted the importance of learning one new technique, and learning it to perfection, at each stage in education. With this simple recipe, Dr. Sjӧstrӧm shared some valuable life lessons and honed in on what it takes to become a successful researcher.

CVE-7617The evening’s final speaker was Dr. David Harpp, an incredible scientist, professor, and mentor to all those interested in research. Much like the previous speaker, Dr. Harpp recounted his personal experiences with research and academia, all the while emphasizing several important lessons. Ranging from his post-doctorate days to his experiences as a professor at McGill University, Dr. Harpp was able to inspire the entire audience with his stories. One memorable moment was when he narrated how one of his potential graduate students saved Matt Damon’s father (Matt Damon’s!) through the inception of Velcade, a drug for bone marrow cancer. Quirky, inspiring, thoughtful, and anecdotal, Dr. Harpp’s words gave the audience a look into the exciting and serendipitous aspects of scientific research.

The Research 

Finally, here are a few brief descriptions of the papers included in this year’s MSURJ—Find Vol. 11 on stands, or click the cover (designed by Samer Richani) below to read the full articles!

(Page 11) Vanessa Caron et. al.

Coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea have been degrading at an alarming rate since the 1970s. In an effort to gain insight into coral reef protection, this research team investigated how algal cover on coral reefs is affected by the herbivore abundance. With research conducted in Western Barbados, the research team deduced a number of contributing factors, such as groundwater input levels.

(Page 16) Zhubo Zhang et al.

This research team investigated the ambiguity inherent to sensory adaptation—the phenomenon where a neuron’s “coding rule” changes in response to a stimulus. However, ambiguity arises from the fact that different stimuli are able to produce the same neural response. Working with in vivo extracellular recordings, the team was able to conclude that less sensory adaptation leads to a stronger ability to disambiguate different stimuli.

(Page 22) Jesse Mendoza et al.

This research project was focused on determining if the knockout of a nicotinic cholinergic receptor would have similar effects on vestibular and auditory systems. The receptor, 𝛂-9, is important in the regulation of auditory and vestibular peripheral hair cells, and deficits also leads to abnormalities in cochlear hair cell development. Through a knockout study on mice, the team reported that the absence of the  𝛂-9 receptor does not lead to vestibular function deficits.

(Page 28) Moushumi Nath et al.

Noise correlation is defined as the correlation in non-stimulus evoked activity between neurons. This research team focused on investigating visual perception and whether changes in noise correlation could predict behavioural performance in a motion detection task. Their findings support this notion, and suggest that noise correlation may be an important parameter in understanding the mysteries of visual perception.

(Page 32) Mariya Stavnichuk et al.

Osteoclasts are cells responsible for bone degradation, and their malfunction is at the root of many bone-related diseases. This study investigated changes in Ca2+ concentration in osteoclast precursors upon application of RANKL, a key osteoclastogenic cytokine. The findings indicated that RANKL induces oscillations in Ca2+ concentration as well as modulations in cellular responses to ATP.

(Page 36) Liang Chen et al.

Gene expression can be controlled on multiple levels, and one of the key proteins involved in translational control is eIF4E. The researchers investigated the role of several testis-specific isoforms in Drosophila spermatogenesis, and found that the loss of function of individual proteins had no significant effects, but defects in spermatogenesis were observed when paired knockdowns were conducted. This indicates overlapping functions that can compensate for one another. From the results, the team were also able to conclude specific functions of each isoform.

(Page 40) Ling Lin et al.

Investigating cosmic strings, the research featured on the cover of the journal focused on globular clusters and their origins. Globular clusters are galactic structures that are poorly understood. The authors proposed that cosmic strings are at the root of globular cluster formation, and their results largely agree with this hypothesis. Their evidence suggests that globular clusters form around slowly moving cosmic string loops with a speed of less than 3% the speed of light.

 

 

Meet MSURJ: Sebastian

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Hello MSURJ enthusiasts! My name is Sebastian Andric and I am a Junior Editor on

the MSURJ team. I am currently a first year undergraduate student hoping to get

involved with the research community here at McGill. Although I’m only starting out

my post-secondary academic career, I am interested in pursuing research in either

neuroscience or genetic engineering. Aside from reading and editing research papers,

my interests include traveling, playing piano, listening to music, especially jazz and

hip-hop, and gaming.  I’m looking forward to working with MSURJ and I hope you

all pick up a copy!

Floorball

(image: wikimedia commons)

What a new form of hockey can contribute to skill development for our national sport

Joshua Shapiro

Understanding how talent is developed can help us improve in everything that we do, and enable us to do so faster as well. As Canadians, we are always looking for ways to better our skills in our national sport, hockey. To answer this enduring question, we should not only consider playing more hockey itself, but also investigate playing a different sport entirely. This article suggests that the sport floorball[1] can act as deep practice for hockey, and can help our country produce more elite hockey players.

Floorball, a relatively new sport, was developed in Sweden in the 1970s and has become popular in Scandinavia, Switzerland, and the Czech Republic, among other European countries. It is a specific variation of floor hockey, played in a gym, with lightweight plastic balls and relatively short sticks. The fact that it is played indoors allows the sport to be played year-round, similar to futsal, the adapted version of soccer discussed by Daniel Coyle in The Talent Code. Due to their various similarities, I suggest that floorball, like futsal, “places players inside the deep practice zone, making and correcting errors, constantly generating solutions to vivid problems”.

Floorball, again like futsal, is played in a small gym. This smaller playing surface results in more opportunities to touch the ball. Futsal allows players to touch the ball 600 percent more often than in soccer, and it would not be unreasonable to postulate that there would be a similar increase in the amount of puck-handling by ice hockey players. This gives each player the ability to repeat actions, as is necessary for deep practice. The smaller area also means that there is less space for a player to move, which has two main effects: Firstly, when handling the ball, if a player is not absolutely in control, the ball can easily be taken away. Thus, the little space you have requires the refinement of stick-handling skills, which improves control. Secondly, it becomes particularly necessary to find space on the court to ‘get open’, and necessitates sharper passing.

The equipment differences also allow for deeper practice. The lighter stick, which weighs less than 350 grams, allows for quicker hand motions, improving reaction time. Shorter sticks also mean that the player is closer to the ground, allowing them greater control of the ball[2]. More importantly, perhaps, is the reduced weight of the ball itself, allowing for enhanced responsiveness to touch. Interestingly, the futsal ball was made heavier for this purpose, but in this case, a lighter ball is more sensitive to the player’s touch. The ball also has dimples like a golf ball, and even holes, to make it more aerodynamic; the ball flies faster than a puck can in ice hockey. Once again, increased speed increases the coordination required on the parts of players defending, goalies attempting to catch shots, and forwards redirecting shots at the net. Moves (dekes) can be easily created in floorball, like futsal; greater control of the ball allows for more manoeuvrability and creativity, which can then be transferred to the hockey rink. One of the recommendations in The Talent Code, while discussing his three rules of deep practice, was to “Slow it Down”. There are dekes that need to be practiced in slow motion in order to be mastered, which is sometimes more easily achieved on a floorball court, due to the fast pace at which you glide on ice. Most importantly, as a forward, every touch put on the ball needs to be more fine-tuned, hence similar to futsal, floorball “demands and rewards more precise handling”.

As one would expect, countries where floorball is played have become “talent hotbeds” (similar to Brazil for soccer). Sweden, where floorball is most popular (and who have won the last two World Floorball Championships), has produced many National Hockey League (NHL) stars. The number of young players drafted to the NHL from Sweden has been steadily increasing, and floorball’s training effects on goalies is especially evident. Starting at the turn of the century, the number of Swedish and Finnish goalies has markedly increased[3], and many NHL goalies, among the best in the world, credit floorball in improving agility and reaction time[4]. In fact, many of floorball’s greatest (and certainly most prominent) advocates are former professional hockey players, such as ex-superstar NHLer Peter Forsberg. Famous Toronto Maple Leaf of the 1970s and 1980s, Borje Salming, has actually created a line of equipment. All of the above evidence suggests that floorball should be incorporated into off-ice training in Canada.

Pavel Barber, a hockey skill-developer and strong advocate of floorball, recently interviewed Daniel Coyle about his book on skill development in sports. Barber asked whether there would be merit to floorball in the development of ice hockey players (noting its similarities to futsal). Coyle replied: “Absolutely, makes perfect sense, because think about what your brain is doing in those positions, it’s having to read and react, it’s trying to create that fine edge, to be able to feel in your fingers what’s going on with the puck, and be able to control it”. He noted that in every sport, the pattern should hold: “shrink the space, force the reaction”.

In his book, Coyle describes futsal as “played inside a phone booth and dosed with amphetamines”, and I believe floorball could be described the exact same way. It also produces “an intricate series of quick, controlled passes, and nonstop end-to-end action”. Coyle points out that the smaller space requires that players look for angles, work “quick combinations with other players”, and constantly look for free space. Players are forced to recognize and make plays much quicker, and execute many more touches under constant pressure. All of the above can be said for floorball as well. Floorball puts players on the edge of their ability, (failing and correcting) in order to learn and build skills. Perhaps importantly, floorball is primarily practice in Canada, not nearly as competitive as other professional sports. This makes players feel comfortable taking risks and experimenting, an essential stage of training. Coyle concludes his interview with Pavel Barber by stating “it makes absolutely perfect sense to me that that would be a wonderful way to spend time in the deep practice zone”.

In conclusion, we should seek to develop floorball in Canada, to enable Canadians to reach their highest potential at our nation’s favourite pastime. Before the last Olympics, due to insurance risks, the Canadian men’s Olympic ice hockey team was forced to run a ball hockey practice (not on the ice). While the players largely treated the activity as a joke, the idea had merit, and was perhaps a step in the right direction. I recommend instituting floorball as a dry-land training for junior and professional hockey teams, and promoting the sport among Canadian youth, further developing leagues, camps, and other programs. This sport has the potential to help further the growth of Canadian hockey.

[1] Also commonly known as unihockey, salibandy, and innebandy
[2] This tactic is used in hockey as well; the shorter the stick, the more controlled stick handling
[3] http://www.businessinsider.com/nationality-of-goalies-shows-the-internationalization-of-the-nhl-sports-chart-of-the-day-2013-3
[4] Accomplished Swedish goalie Henrik Lundqvist played floorball in his development
(image: ullaj)

Meet MSURJ: Meng

Hello, hello! I’m Meng, one of the co-Editors-in-Chief for the 2015-2016 school year. I am a graduating pharmacology student minoring in economics.

In my free time, I love anything that involves being active, eating and taking Instagram pictures of food. A year ago, I started working at a research lab that focuses on the molecular basis of Alzheimer’s Disease and since then, it’s been quite a wild ride. I’ve learned through a summer submerged in research that there is no end to scientific learning, and that the amount of knowledge gained is directly proportional to self motivation, hard work and a lot of introspection—asking yourself why you are doing something, for instance.

Therefore, this school year, I’ve challenged myself to work as much as a graduate student and to produce as much, if not more data than the graduate students in my laboratory. So far, it has not been an easy journey, but I am anxious to see what a year of hard work will lead to. Ariana, the rest of the MSURJ team, and I have worked extremely hard over the whole summer to completely revamp ourselves, and we cannot wait to see what the future holds!